The best way to learn about wine pairing is through experimentation and exploration. But let's talk here about wine pairing in broader terms.
In general, white wines are best paired with lighter foods such as seafood, chicken, and salads, while red wines are better suited to heartier dishes such as red meat, stews, and rich pasta dishes. However, there are many exceptions to these guidelines, and ultimately, the best way to find the perfect pairing is through experimentation and personal preference.
One common approach to wine pairing is to match the wine with the dominant flavor of the dish. For example, a dish with a tomato-based sauce would pair well with a wine that has a high acidity level, such as a Chianti or a Sangiovese. Similarly, a rich and fatty dish such as steak or duck would be complemented by a full-bodied red wine like Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot.
Another approach to wine pairing is to look for complementary flavors. For example, a wine with fruity notes such as a Pinot Noir or a Zinfandel would pair well with dishes that feature sweet or spicy flavors. In contrast, a wine with earthy or herbal notes, such as a Syrah or a Malbec, would pair well with dishes that feature similar flavors.
When it comes to pairing wine with cheese, there are a few guidelines to keep in mind. In general, white wines pair well with lighter cheeses such as brie and goat cheese, while red wines are better suited to stronger, more robust cheeses like cheddar or gouda. It's also worth noting that the texture of the cheese can play a role in the pairing, with creamy cheeses going well with crisp white wines and hard cheeses pairing well with bold reds.
Ultimately, the best way to learn about wine pairing is by doing it :) With a little bit of practice and some basic knowledge above, anyone can become a skilled wine pairing expert.